Madam - If e-scooter trials are going to succeed they must avoid repeating the mistakes of past micromobility trials. Exhibit A: dockless bikes.

When dockless bikes first appeared, councils across the country were excited. But as we began to find cycles littered across pavements, sunk in canals, or chucked in gardens, our support understandably declined. The same will happen to e-scooters unless councils change their approach.

Experiences like that in Redditch prove that geofencing e-scooters isn't enough; they can still end up in unintended places. Local authorities should insist upon docked e-scooter solutions, as was done recently in Liverpool. Docking stations like Charge's bring order to the kerbside, keeping dangerous clutter away from our public spaces. E-scooter docks also lower the environmental cost of recharging the scooters, as contractors don't have to drive around the city looking for scooters to charge.

It's not the mode of travel that's the problem, it's the model. E-scooters will work, as long as councils insist on them being given a home on the kerbside.

Noa Khamallah